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Neptune

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Need some guidance please.
I know that smoke alarms require a permanent live and neutral in order to operate. Is this also the case with emergency lights? (The type you have in stairways)

Secondly, have I also understood correctly that these two can only be available at the ceiling rose if the loop has taken place in the ceiling? I.e. if the loop is at the switch, I will have a neutral at the ceiling but not a permanent live?

Thanks in advance.
 
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Neptune

Neptune

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Thanks for your help.
Thinking this through, I will need to take a connection from wherever the loop is done i.e. ceiling or switch as this is where I will find the permanent live and neutral. Have I understood this correctly?

Also, whilst I am at it...could I take a feed (permanent live, neutral and CPC) and supply it to a AICO smoke detector first and then to the emergency light? This may be an opportunity to include a mains powered smoke detector too.
 

Strima

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If this is a standard UK ceiling rose then you will have a permanent line and neutral available at this point. Even if the rose has been replaced with a newer light fitting there will often be a L&N available.

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I would certainly recommend AICO radiolink units, no messing around with an interlink cable between bases.

As mentioned, emergency lights fall under BS5266, is this for a commercial property as part of a fire risk assessment or for your own home?
 

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Neptune

Neptune

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If this is a standard UK ceiling rose then you will have a permanent line and neutral available at this point. Even if the rose has been replaced with a newer light fitting there will often be a L&N available.
Presumably not if the loop is at the switch? I thought it was a mixed bag in terms of whether the loop has been done at the switch or ceiling in the UK.

As mentioned, emergency lights fall under BS5266, is this for a commercial property as part of a fire risk assessment or for your own home?
It's an odd one. I am a freeholder of a block of flats (3 Storey Victorian house) but each floor is owned by different individuals. As I understand it, they have an operational smoke alarm in each of their flats as do I, in the top most flat.
I am unclear on whether it is legally required but I wanted all three of us to fund emergency lights and smoke detectors on each floor for added protection. Hence the questions on how they could be wired.

I would welcome any further suggestions. Thanks again.
 

westward10

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If the loop is at the light fitting the easiest thing to do is completely replace with a fitting which incorporates an emergency, something like this.
 

Strima

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Presumably not if the loop is at the switch? I thought it was a mixed bag in terms of whether the loop has been done at the switch or ceiling in the UK.


It's an odd one. I am a freeholder of a block of flats (3 Storey Victorian house) but each floor is owned by different individuals. As I understand it, they have an operational smoke alarm in each of their flats as do I, in the top most flat.
I am unclear on whether it is legally required but I wanted all three of us to fund emergency lights and smoke detectors on each floor for added protection. Hence the questions on how they could be wired.

I would welcome any further suggestions. Thanks again.
Modern installations could be run via the switch however the vast majority are still looped at the light and have a neutral run to the switch. This allows the circuit to be tapped for smokes etc and have smart switches installed if required.

I'm not up to date on the latest requirements in your instance so anything I say would be pure guess work... ? But a lot would depend on how the flats are built and the fire compartments are designed.
 
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Neptune

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Modern installations could be run via the switch however the vast majority are still looped at the light and have a neutral run to the switch.
I can concur that most older installations are looped at the ceiling. When this is the case, I find this configuration:
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I note that this doesn't take a Neutral to the switch but you suggested that it does. Incidentally, this then presents issues with smart switches as most require a neutral wire.
Can you please clarify?

Thanks for your help.
 

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Neptune

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Strima

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I can concur that most older installations are looped at the ceiling. When this is the case, I find this configuration:
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I note that this doesn't take a Neutral to the switch but you suggested that it does. Incidentally, this then presents issues with smart switches as most require a neutral wire.
Can you please clarify?

Thanks for your help.
Only in recent years has BS7671 recommended running a neutral to the switch position to allow for future upgrades. You can get smart switches that work without a neutral but for the cost of a few meters of cable on a new build or rewire it makes sense to run a neutral in. Ideally the ceiling rose should be updated to allow for four cables rather than three but this is down to manufacturers etc to sort out.

So older installations there will be no neutral ran to the switch, sorry if I added confusion.
 
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Where on the switch would this new Neutral wire connect?
It wouldn't normally, you'd put it in a connector block unless you were using a newer switch that has a provision for a neutral link on the actual light switch fitting.

Also, can I please confirm that you are proposing a 3 core and earth cable from the light to the switch under this configuration.

Personally i don't understand the comment about 3 core for an N at the switch, you can just do that with T+E. T+E feed in, T+E out to light, CPC N and SL all present.

Unless you want to use 3 core to put the perma live from switch to rose in order to loop in from the rose to the next light. Sure Telectrix will clarify (i am only a meagre apprentice at present.) EDIT: I get what he's saying now, i was thinking about it from a 'take from the switch' perspective not taking the feed to the rose.

That said, i would just get an electrician out to have a look. No point guess working it when you can just pay an expert to sort out the plan in about 10 minutes.
 
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Neptune

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It wouldn't normally, you'd put it in a connector block unless you were using a newer switch that has a provision for a neutral link on the actual light switch fitting.



Personally i don't understand the comment about 3 core for an N at the switch, you can just do that with T+E. T+E feed in, T+E out to light, CPC N and SL all present.

Unless you want to use 3 core to put the perma live from switch to rose in order to loop in from the rose to the next light. Sure Telectrix will clarify (i am only a meagre apprentice at present.) EDIT: I get what he's saying now, i was thinking about it from a 'take from the switch' perspective not taking the feed to the rose.

That said, i would just get an electrician out to have a look. No point guess working it when you can just pay an expert to sort out the plan in about 10 minutes.
Are we in agreement that a 3 core and earth cable would be required for this approach (from light to switch) and the neutral wire would be terminated in a wago behind the switch - in anticipation of smart switch, etc.
 
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Are we in agreement that a 3 core and earth cable would be required for this approach (from light to switch) and the neutral wire would be terminated in a wago behind the switch - in anticipation of smart switch, etc.
If you mean taking the feed to the light fitting and needing a neutral at the light switch then yeah, it just makes sense to use 3core+e or 4 core and use the black as the switch live and grey as the neutral with sleeving. Shove the grey into the neutral bar on the ceiling rose and wago the other end.

Or, tell your electrician to do that, i mean.
 

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